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liege

[leej, leezh] /lidʒ, liʒ/
noun
1.
a feudal lord entitled to allegiance and service.
2.
a feudal vassal or subject.
adjective
3.
owing primary allegiance and service to a feudal lord.
4.
pertaining to the relation between a feudal vassal and lord.
5.
loyal; faithful:
the liege adherents of a cause.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French li(e)geGermanic *lēt- vassal + Latin -icus -ic; compare Medieval Latin lētī barbarians allowed to settle on Roman land (< Germanic; perhaps akin to let1), laeticus for *lēticus, derivative of lētī
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lie gest

liege

/liːdʒ/
adjective
1.
(of a lord) owed feudal allegiance (esp in the phrase liege lord)
2.
(of a vassal or servant) owing feudal allegiance a liege subject
3.
of or relating to the relationship or bond between liege lord and liegeman liege homage
4.
faithful; loyal
noun
5.
a liege lord
6.
a liegeman or true subject
Word Origin
C13: from Old French lige, from Medieval Latin līticus, from lītus, laetus serf, of Germanic origin

Liège

/lɪˈeɪʒ; French ljɛʒ/
noun
1.
a province of E Belgium: formerly a principality of the Holy Roman Empire, much larger than the present-day province. Pop: 1 029 605 (2004 est). Area: 3877 sq km (1497 sq miles)
2.
a city in E Belgium, capital of Liège province: the largest French-speaking city in Belgium; river port and industrial centre. Pop: 185 488 (2004 est)
Flemish name Luik
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for lie gest

liege

adj.

word used by a vassal to address his superior or lord in the feudal system, c.1300, from Anglo-French lige (late 13c.), Old French lige "(feudal) liege, free, giving or receiving fidelity," perhaps from Late Latin laeticus "cultivated by serfs," from laetus "serf," which probably is from Proto-Germanic *lethiga- "freed" (cf. Old English læt "half-freedman, serf;" Old High German laz, Old Frisian lethar "freedman"), from PIE root *le- "let go, slacken" (see let (v.)). Or the Middle English word may be directly from Old High German leidig "free." As a noun from late 14c., both as "vassal" and "lord." Hence, liege-man "a vassal sworn to the service and support of a lord, who in turn is obliged to protect him" (mid-14c.).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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