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limber1

[lim-ber] /ˈlɪm bər/
adjective
1.
characterized by ease in bending the body; supple; lithe.
2.
bending readily; flexible; pliant.
verb (used without object)
3.
to make oneself limber (usually followed by up):
to limber up before the game.
verb (used with object)
4.
to make (something) limber (usually followed by up):
She tried to limber up her wits before the exam.
Origin
1555-1565
1555-65; perhaps akin to limb1
Related forms
limberly, adverb
limberness, noun
Synonyms
2. pliable. See flexible.
Antonyms
1, 2. stiff. 2. rigid, unbending.

limber2

[lim-ber] /ˈlɪm bər/
noun
1.
a two-wheeled vehicle, originally pulled by four or six horses, behind which is towed a field gun or caisson.
verb (used with object)
2.
to attach the limber to (a gun) in preparation for moving away (sometimes followed by up).
verb (used without object)
3.
to attach a limber to a gun (usually followed by up).
Origin
1400-50; late Middle English lymo(u)r pole of a vehicle. See limb1, -er1
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for limber up

limber up

verb (adverb)
1.
(intransitive) (esp in sports) to exercise in order to be limber and agile
2.
(transitive) to make flexible

limber1

/ˈlɪmbə/
adjective
1.
capable of being easily bent or flexed; pliant
2.
able to move or bend freely; agile
Derived Forms
limberly, adverb
limberness, noun
Word Origin
C16: origin uncertain

limber2

/ˈlɪmbə/
noun
1.
part of a gun carriage, often containing ammunition, consisting of an axle, pole, and two wheels, that is attached to the rear of an item of equipment, esp field artillery
verb
2.
(usually foll by up) to attach the limber (to a gun, etc)
Word Origin
C15 lymour shaft of a gun carriage, origin uncertain

limber3

/ˈlɪmbə/
noun
1.
(often pl) (nautical) (in the bilge of a vessel) a fore-and-aft channel through a series of holes in the frames (limber holes) where water collects and can be pumped out
Word Origin
C17: probably changed from French lumière hole (literally: light)
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for limber up

limber

adj.

"pliant, flexible," 1560s, of uncertain origin, possibly from limb (n.1) on notion of supple boughs of a tree [Barnhart], or from limp "flaccid" [Skeat], or somehow from Middle English lymer "shaft of a cart" (see limber (n.)), but the late appearance of the -b- in that word argues against it. Related: Limberness. Dryden used limber-ham (see ham (n.1) in the "joint" sense) as a name for a character "perswaded by what is last said to him, and changing next word."

n.

"detachable forepart of a gun carriage," 1620s, from Middle English lymer (early 15c.), earlier lymon (c.1400), probably from Old French limon "shaft," a word perhaps of Celtic origin, or possibly from Germanic and related to limb (n.1). Hence, limber (v.) "to attach a limber to a gun" (1843). Cf. related Spanish limon "shaft," leman "helmsman."

v.

1748, from limber (adj.). Related: Limbered; limbering.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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