a hard, washable floor covering formed by coating burlap or canvas with linseed oil, powdered cork, and rosin, and adding pigments to create the desired colors and patterns.
any floor covering similar to this.

1863; < Latin līn(um) flax, linen + oleum oil; formerly trademark Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
linoleum (lɪˈnəʊlɪəm)
Often shortened to: lino a sheet material made of hessian, jute, etc, coated under pressure and heat with a mixture of powdered cork, linseed oil, rosin, and pigment, used as a floor covering
[C19: from Latin līnum flax + oleum oil]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1860, coined by Eng. inventor Frederick Walton from L. linum "flax, linen" + oleum "oil." Originally, a preparation of solidified linseed oil used to coat canvas for making floor coverings; the word was applied to the flooring material itself after 1878. The Linoleum Manufacturing Company was formed
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Suddenly, she toppled forward, collapsing onto the linoleum floor.
It's as if a giant bowl of mixed nuts had dropped off a kitchen counter onto
  white linoleum.
But a moment later, when he pounded the linoleum floor with his thick wooden
  heel, the crowd scurried.
The kitchen has new hickory cabinets, a linoleum floor, a dishwasher and a
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