liquid-crystal

liquid crystal

noun
a liquid having certain crystalline characteristics, especially different optical properties in different directions when exposed to an electric field.

Origin:
1890–95

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Collins
World English Dictionary
liquid crystal
 
n
smectic See also nematic a liquid that has some crystalline characteristics, such as the presence of different optical properties in different directions; a substance in a mesomorphic state

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
liquid crystal  
Any of various liquids in which molecules are regularly arrayed like a solid crystal along one or two dimensions, but are free in the other dimensions as with typical liquids. Liquid crystals often display unusual and often manipulable optical properties such as anisotropic scattering. See more at LCD.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
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