lister, 1st baron lister lyme regis


lyme Re·gis ">Joseph, 1st Baron Lister of Lyme Regis [lahym ree-jis] , 1827–1912, English surgeon: founder of modern antiseptic surgery. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
lister (ˈlɪstə)
(US), (Canadian) agriculture lister plough, middlebreaker, Also called: middle buster a plough with a double mouldboard designed to throw soil to either side of a central furrow
[C19: from list²]

Lister (ˈlɪstə)
Joseph, 1st Baron Lister. 1827--1912, British surgeon, who introduced the use of antiseptics

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

"catalogue consisting of names in a row or series," 1602, from M.E. liste "border, edging, stripe" (c.1280), from O.Fr. liste "border, band, row, group," also "strip of paper," or from O.It. lista "border, strip of paper, list," both from a Gmc. source (cf. O.H.G. lista "strip, border, list," O.N. lista
"border, selvage," O.E. liste "border"), from P.Gmc. *liston, from PIE *leizd- "border, band." The sense of "enumeration" is from strips of paper used as a sort of catalogue. The O.E. word survives in archaic lists "place of combat," at the boundary of fields.

"tilt, lean," especially of a ship, 1880, earlier (1626) lust, of unknown origin, perhaps an unexplained spelling variant of M.E. lysten "to please, desire, wish, like" (see listless) with a sense development on the notion of "leaning" toward what one desires (cf. incline).

"hear, hearken," now poetic or obsolete, from O.E. hlystan "hear, hearken," from hlyst "hearing," from P.Gmc. *khlustiz, from PIE *kleu- "to hear" (see listen).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

Lister Lis·ter (lĭs'tər), Joseph. First Baron Lister.

British surgeon who demonstrated in 1865 that carbolic acid was an effective antiseptic agent and introduced it to the surgical process.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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American Heritage
Science Dictionary
Lister   (lĭs'tər)  Pronunciation Key 
British surgeon who, influenced by Pasteur's germ theory of disease, established in 1865 a system of antiseptic measures in hospitals to combat infections. His practices dramatically decreased the number by deaths caused by infection and were gradually adopted in hospitals throughout Europe.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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