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lithography

[li-thog-ruh-fee] /lɪˈθɒg rə fi/
noun
1.
the art or process of producing a picture, writing, or the like, on a flat, specially prepared stone, with some greasy or oily substance, and of taking ink impressions from this as in ordinary printing.
2.
a similar process in which a substance other than stone, as aluminum or zinc, is used.
Compare offset (def 6).
Origin
1700-1710
1700-10; < New Latin lithographia. See litho-, -graphy
Related forms
lithographic
[lith-uh-graf-ik] /ˌlɪθ əˈgræf ɪk/ (Show IPA),
lithographical, adjective
lithographically, adverb
unlithographic, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lithographic

lithography

/lɪˈθɒɡrəfɪ/
noun
1.
a method of printing from a metal or stone surface on which the printing areas are not raised but made ink-receptive while the non-image areas are made ink-repellent
Derived Forms
lithographer, noun
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin lithographia, from litho- + -graphy
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for lithographic

lithography

n.

1813, from German Lithographie (c.1804), coined from Greek lithos "stone" (see litho-) + graphein "to write" (see -graphy). The original printing surfaces were of stone. Process invented 1796 by Alois Senefelder of Munich (1771-1833). Hence, lithograph "a lithographic print," a back-formation first attested 1828. Earlier senses, now obsolete, were "description of stones or rocks" (1708) and "art of engraving on precious stones" (1730).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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23
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