Livery company

livery

1 [liv-uh-ree, liv-ree]
noun, plural liveries.
1.
a distinctive uniform, badge, or device formerly provided by someone of rank or title for his retainers, as in time of war.
2.
a uniform worn by servants.
3.
distinctive attire worn by an official, a member of a company or guild, etc.
4.
Also called livery company. British. a guild or company of the City of London entitled to wear such livery.
5.
characteristic dress, garb, or outward appearance: the green livery of summer.
6.
the care, feeding, stabling, etc., of horses for pay.
8.
a company that rents out automobiles, boats, etc.
9.
Law. an ancient method of conveying a freehold by formal delivery of possession.

Origin:
1250–1300; Middle English livere < Anglo-French, equivalent to Old French livree allowance (of food, clothing, etc.), noun use of feminine past participle of livrer to give over < Latin līberāre; see liberate

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World English Dictionary
livery1 (ˈlɪvərɪ)
 
n , pl -eries
1.  the identifying uniform, badge, etc, of a member of a guild or one of the servants of a feudal lord
2.  a uniform worn by some menservants and chauffeurs
3.  an individual or group that wears such a uniform
4.  distinctive dress or outward appearance
5.  a.  the stabling, keeping, or hiring out of horses for money
 b.  (as modifier): a livery horse
6.  at livery being kept in a livery stable
7.  legal history an ancient method of conveying freehold land
 
[C14: via Anglo-French from Old French livrée allocation, from livrer to hand over, from Latin līberāre to set free]

livery2 (ˈlɪvərɪ)
 
adj
1.  of or resembling liver
2.  another word for liverish

livery company
 
n
(Brit) one of the chartered companies of the City of London originating from the craft guilds

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

livery
c.1300, "household allowance of any kind (food, provisions, clothing) to retainers or servants," from Anglo-Fr. livere (late 13c.), O.Fr. livrée, originally "(clothes) delivered by a master to his servants," from fem. pp. of livrer "to dispense, deliver, hand over," from L. liberare (see
liberate). The sense later was reduced to "servants' rations" and "provender for horses" (mid-15c.). The former led to the meaning "distinctive clothing given to servants" (early 14c.); the latter now is obsolete except in livery stable (1705). Related: Liveried.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

livery company

any of various craft or trade associations of the City of London, Eng., most of which are descended from medieval guilds. Certain grades of members are privileged to wear a special "livery," or distinctive clothing in the form of a fur-trimmed gown.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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