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(genus Lithops) any of a group of about 40 species of succulent plants of the carpetweed family (Aizoaceae), native to southern Africa. The plants are virtually stemless, the thickened leaves being more or less buried in the soil with only the tips visible. Two leaves grow during each rainy season and form a fleshy, roundish structure that is slit across the top. Flowers grow between the slit, and then a shoot (with two leaves) grows from the axils of one or both of the leaves, which then shrivel. Living stones spread sideways, and one plant may have the appearance of several stones. They are cultivated worldwide as indoor plant curiosities.
town, extreme southern Zambia. It lies on the northern bank of the Zambezi River at the Zimbabwe border. The first European settlement in the area was upriver at the Old Drift Ferry Station in the 1890s; the town's present site was occupied in 1905 with the completion of Victoria Falls Bridge and the railway line. Livingstone was the capital of Northern Rhodesia from 1907 to 1935, and became the country's first municipality in 1927. Situated on the main railway system of southern Africa, it is a distribution point for agricultural products and timber. The town's secondary industries include automobile assembly, sawmilling, blanket weaving, and the making of furniture. Livingstone has an international airport, and tourism is based on nearby Victoria Falls, Lake Kariba, Livingstone Game Park, and Kafue and Wankie national parks. A small hydroelectric power station is located on Zambia's side of Victoria Falls. The Livingstone Museum has a collection of ethnological, archaeological, and historical exhibits, including those related to the explorer-missionary David Livingstone. Pop. (2000) urban area, 97,488.