a person who tries to influence legislation on behalf of a special interest; a member of a lobby.

1940–45; lobby + -ist

lobbyism, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
lobbyist (ˈlɒbɪɪst)
a person employed by a particular interest to lobby

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1863, Amer.Eng., from lobby + -ist.
"[A] strong lobbyist will permit himself to lose heavily at the poker-table, under the assumption that the great Congressman who wins the stake will look leniently upon the little appropriation he means to ask for." [George A. Townsend, "Events at the National Capital and the Campaign of 1876," Hartford, Conn., 1876]
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Trull is a lobbyist as despised as she is respected.
The budget process is almost entirely driven by the state legislature, with the
  governor reduced to the role of a lobbyist.
Hopefully, tax reform is a cause which can garner sufficient support to
  overcome the lobbyist horde.
All these staffers got a fun time in some cool technology from a lobbyist.
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