local area network definition networking
(LAN) A data communications network which is geographically limited (typically to a 1 km radius) allowing easy interconnection of terminals, microprocessors
and computers within adjacent buildings. Ethernet
are examples of standard LANs.
Because the network is known to cover only a small area, optimisations can be made in the network signal protocols that permit data rates up to 100Mb/s.
See also token ring
, wide area network
, metropolitan area network