lollardy

Lollard

[lol-erd]
noun
an English or Scottish follower of the religious teachings of John Wycliffe from the 14th to the 16th centuries.

Origin:
1375–1425; late Middle English < Middle Dutch lollaert mumbler (of prayers), equivalent to loll(en) to mumble (see lull) + -aert -ard

Lollardy, Lollardry, Lollardism, noun
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World English Dictionary
Lollard (ˈlɒləd)
 
n
English history a follower of John Wycliffe during the 14th, 15th, and 16th centuries
 
[C14: from Middle Dutch; mutterer, from lollen to mumble (prayers)]
 
'Lollardy
 
n
 
'Lollardry
 
n
 
'Lollardism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Lollard
late 14c. (in Chaucer, Loller, c.1386), from M.Du. lollaerd, applied pejoratively to members of reforming sects c.1300 who devoted themselves to the care of the sick and poor, lit. "mumbler, mutterer," so called by critics who regarded them as heretics pretending to humble piety, from lollen "to mumble
or doze." Generic late M.E. term for groups suspected of heresy, esp. followers of John Wycliffe.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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