city, Monmouth county, eastern New Jersey, U.S. It lies along the Atlantic Ocean, 50 miles (80 km) south of New York City. Settled in 1668 on land purchased from the Delaware Indians, it was named for its location on the Long Branch of the South Shrewsbury River. Its development as a summer coastal resort began in the 1780s. By the 1830s gambling and horse racing brought an influx of visitors into Long Branch. During the Gilded Age (1870s and '80s) it was frequented by many notables, including Lillie Langtry, Lillian Russell, and "Diamond Jim" Brady. It became the summer capital of U.S. Presidents Ulysses S. Grant, James A. Garfield, and Woodrow Wilson. After Garfield was shot in Washington, D.C. (July 2, 1881), a spur line was laid from the Elberon Railway Station to the porch of Francklyn Cottage, a local residence, where he was taken to recover. He died there on September 19, 1881.
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