[lawng-spur, long-]
any of several fringillid birds of the genus Calcarius of tundra or prairie regions of North America, characterized by a long, spurlike hind claw on each foot.

1825–35; long1 + spur

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World English Dictionary
longspur (ˈlɒŋˌspɜː)
any of various Arctic and North American buntings of the genera Calcarius and Rhyncophanes, all of which have a long claw on the hind toe

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