|the plural of jus|
|1.||a department of E France, in Franche-Comté region. Capital: Lons-le-Saunier. Pop: 253 309 (2003 est)). Area: 5055 sq km (1971 sq miles)|
|2.||a canton of Switzerland, bordering the French frontier: formed in 1979 from part of Bern. Capital: Delémont. Pop: 69 200 (2002 est). Area: 838 sq km (323 sq miles)|
|3.||an island off the W coast of Scotland, in the Inner Hebrides, separated from the mainland by the Sound of Jura. Pop: 200 (2004 est). Area: 381 sq km (147 sq miles)|
|4.||a mountain range in W central Europe, between the Rivers Rhine and Rhône: mostly in E France, extending into W Switzerland|
|5.||a range of mountains in the NE quadrant of the moon lying on the N border of the Mare Imbrium|
town, capital of Jura departement, Franche-Comte region, eastern France, south-southeast of Dijon. Located at 846 feet (258 m) above sea level in the valley of the Solvan, it is surrounded by vine-clad hills. It is a pleasant spa, owing its original Roman name, Salinarius, to the local salt mines. It manufactures optical instruments, cheese, and sparkling wines. The Church of Saint-Desire has an 11th-century crypt. On the avenue called the Promenade de la Chevalerie there is a statue by Frederic-Auguste Bartholdi, the 19th-century French sculptor (who designed the Statue of Liberty in New York Harbor), of Rouget de Lisle, a native of the town, who composed the French national anthem, "La Marseillaise." The museum in the Hotel de Ville has a collection of the composer's songs. Pop. (1982) 19,996.
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