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loosen

[loo-suh n] /ˈlu sən/
verb (used with object)
1.
to unfasten or undo, as a bond or fetter.
2.
to make less tight; slacken or relax:
to loosen one's grasp.
3.
to make less firmly fixed in place:
to loosen a tooth.
4.
to let loose or set free from bonds, restraint, or constraint.
5.
to make less close or compact in structure or arrangement.
6.
to make less dense or coherent:
to loosen the soil in a garden.
7.
to relax in strictness or severity, as restraint or discipline:
to loosen restrictions on trade.
8.
to relieve (the bowels) of their constipated condition.
verb (used without object)
9.
to become loose or looser (sometimes followed by up):
His hold loosened. Your shoes will loosen up with wear.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English loosnen. See loose, -en1
Related forms
loosener, noun
Can be confused
loose, loosen, lose, loss.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for loosener

loosen

/ˈluːsən/
verb
1.
to make or become less tight, fixed, etc
2.
(often foll by up) to make or become less firm, compact, or rigid
3.
(transitive) to untie
4.
(transitive) to let loose; set free
5.
(often foll by up) to make or become less strict, severe, etc
6.
(transitive) to rid or relieve (the bowels) of constipation
Derived Forms
loosener, noun
Word Origin
C14: from loose
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for loosener

loosen

v.

late 14c., losnen, later lousen (early 15c.), from loose (v.) + -en (1). Related: Loosened; loosening.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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