|called the Saxon. ?1070--1137, German king (1125--37) and Holy Roman Emperor (1133--37). He was elected German king over the hereditary Hohenstaufen claimant|
Carolingian king of France from 954 to 986, the eldest son of Louis IV. He was elected king without opposition after his father's death but was dominated first by Hugh the Great and then, from 956 to 965, by his uncle, Bruno, archbishop of Cologne, whose support was invaluable but who used his influence also in the interests of Otto I, his brother, the German king, and of Hugh Capet and the other sons of Hugh the Great, Bruno's nephews.
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