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lower1

[loh-er] /ˈloʊ ər/
verb (used with object)
1.
to cause to descend; let or put down:
to lower a flag.
2.
to make lower in height or level:
to lower the water in a canal.
3.
to reduce in amount, price, degree, force, etc.
4.
to make less loud:
Please lower your voice.
5.
to bring down in rank or estimation; degrade; humble; abase (oneself), as by some sacrifice of self-respect or dignity:
His bad actions lowered him in my eyes.
6.
Music. to make lower in pitch; flatten.
7.
Phonetics. to alter the articulation of (a vowel) by increasing the distance of the tongue downward from the palate:
The vowel of “clerk” is lowered to (ä) in the British pronunciation.
verb (used without object)
8.
to become lower, grow less, or diminish, as in amount, intensity, or degree:
The brook lowers in early summer. Stock prices rise and lower constantly.
9.
to descend; sink:
the sun lowering in the west.
adjective
10.
comparative of low1 .
11.
of or relating to those portions of a river farthest from the source.
12.
(often initial capital letter) Stratigraphy. noting an early division of a period, system, or the like:
the Lower Devonian.
noun
13.
a denture for the lower jaw.
14.
a lower berth.
Origin
1150-1200
1150-1200; Middle English, comparative of low1 (adj.)
Related forms
lowerable, adjective
Synonyms
1. drop, depress. 3. decrease, diminish, lessen. 4. soften. 5. humiliate, dishonor, disgrace, debase.
Antonyms
3. raise, increase. 5. elevate, honor.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for lowerable

lower1

/ˈləʊə/
adjective
1.
being below one or more other things: the lower shelf, the lower animals
2.
reduced in amount or value: a lower price
3.
(maths) (of a limit or bound) less than or equal to one or more numbers or variables
4.
(sometimes capital) (geology) denoting the early part or division of a period, system, formation, etc: Lower Silurian
verb
5.
(transitive) to cause to become low or on a lower level; bring, put, or cause to move down
6.
(transitive) to reduce or bring down in estimation, dignity, value, etc: to lower oneself
7.
to reduce or be reduced: to lower one's confidence
8.
(transitive) to make quieter: to lower the radio
9.
(transitive) to reduce the pitch of
10.
(transitive) (phonetics) to modify the articulation of (a vowel) by bringing the tongue further away from the roof of the mouth
11.
(intransitive) to diminish or become less
Derived Forms
lowerable, adjective
Word Origin
C12 (comparative of low1); C17 (vb)

lower2

/ˈlaʊə/
verb (intransitive)
1.
(esp of the sky, weather, etc) to be overcast, dark, and menacing
2.
to scowl or frown
noun
3.
a menacing scowl or appearance
Derived Forms
lowering, louring, adjective
loweringly, louringly, adverb
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for lowerable

lower

v.

c.1600, "to descend, sink," from lower (adj.), from Middle English lahghere (c.1200), comparative of low (adj.). Transitive meaning "to let down, to cause to descend" attested from 1650s. Related: Lowered; lowering. In the sense "to cause to descend" the simple verb low (Middle English lahghenn, c.1200) was in use into the 18c.

"to look dark and threatening," also lour, Middle English louren, luren "to frown" (early 13c.), "to lurk" (mid-15c.), from Old English *luran or from its cognates, Middle Low German luren, Middle Dutch loeren "lie in wait." Form perhaps assimilated to lower (1). Related: Lowered; lowering.

adj.

c.1200, lahre, comparative of lah (see low (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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lowerable in Science
lower
  (lō'ər)   
Being an earlier division of the geological or archaeological period named. Compare upper.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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