loyalism

loyalist

[loi-uh-list]
noun
1.
a person who is loyal; a supporter of the sovereign or of the existing government, especially in time of revolt.
2.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a person who remained loyal to the British during the american revolution; Tory.
3.
(initial capital letter) an adherent of the republic during the Spanish Civil War, opposed to Franco.

Origin:
1640–50; loyal + -ist

loyalism, noun
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World English Dictionary
loyalist (ˈlɔɪəlɪst)
 
n
a patriotic supporter of his sovereign or government
 
'loyalism
 
n

Loyalist (ˈlɔɪəlɪst)
 
n
1.  (in Northern Ireland) any of the Protestants wishing to retain Ulster's link with Britain
2.  (in North America) an American colonist who supported Britain during the War of American Independence
3.  (in Canada) short for United Empire Loyalist
4.  (during the Spanish Civil War) a supporter of the republican government

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

loyalist
1680s, from loyal + -ist.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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