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loyalist

[loi-uh-list] /ˈlɔɪ ə lɪst/
noun
1.
a person who is loyal; a supporter of the sovereign or of the existing government, especially in time of revolt.
2.
(sometimes initial capital letter) a person who remained loyal to the British during the American Revolution; Tory.
3.
(initial capital letter) an adherent of the republic during the Spanish Civil War, opposed to Franco.
Origin
1640-1650
1640-50; loyal + -ist
Related forms
loyalism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for loyalism

loyalist

/ˈlɔɪəlɪst/
noun
1.
a patriotic supporter of his sovereign or government
Derived Forms
loyalism, noun

Loyalist

/ˈlɔɪəlɪst/
noun
1.
(in Northern Ireland) any of the Protestants wishing to retain Ulster's link with Britain
2.
(in North America) an American colonist who supported Britain during the War of American Independence
3.
(in Canada) short for United Empire Loyalist
4.
(during the Spanish Civil War) a supporter of the republican government
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for loyalism
n.

1812, from loyal + -ism.

loyalist

n.

1680s, from loyal + -ist. Meaning different persons in different times and places.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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