luddites

Luddite

[luhd-ahyt]
noun
a member of any of various bands of workers in England (1811–16) organized to destroy manufacturing machinery, under the belief that its use diminished employment.

Origin:
1805–15; after Ned Ludd, 18th-century Leicestershire worker who originated the idea; see -ite1

Luddism, Ludditism, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Luddite (ˈlʌdaɪt)
 
n
1.  any of the textile workers opposed to mechanization who rioted and organized machine-breaking between 1811 and 1816
2.  any opponent of industrial change or innovation
 
adj
3.  of or relating to the Luddites
 
[C19: alleged to be named after Ned Ludd, an 18th-century Leicestershire workman, who destroyed industrial machinery]
 
'Luddism
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Luddite
1811, from name taken by an organized band of weavers who destroyed machinery in Midlands and northern England 1811-16 for fear it would deprive them of work. Supposedly from Ned Ludd, a Leicestershire worker who in 1779 had done the same before through insanity (but the story was first told in 1847).
Applied to modern rejecters of automation and technology from at least 1961.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
Luddites [(lud-eyets)]

Opponents of the introduction of labor-saving machinery. The original Luddites, followers of a legendary Ned Ludd, were British laborers of the early nineteenth century who smashed textile-making machines that threatened their jobs.

Note: Contemporary opponents of technological change are sometimes called “Luddites.”
The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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