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8 Wintry Words to Defrost Your Vocabulary

lump1

[luhmp] /lʌmp/
noun
1.
a piece or mass of solid matter without regular shape or of no particular shape:
a lump of coal.
2.
a protuberance or swelling:
a blow that raised a lump on his head.
3.
an aggregation, collection, or mass; clump:
All the articles were piled in a great lump.
4.
Also called lump of sugar. a small block of granulated sugar, designed for sweetening hot coffee, tea, etc.:
How many lumps do you take in your coffee?
5.
majority; plurality; multitude:
The great lump of voters are still undecided.
6.
lumps, Informal. harsh criticism, punishment, or defeat:
The new theory came in for some lumps when other scholars heard of it.
7.
Informal. a heavy, clumsy, and usually stupid person.
adjective
8.
in the form of a lump or lumps:
lump sugar.
9.
made up of a number of items taken together; not separated or considered separately:
The debts were paid in one lump sum.
verb (used with object)
10.
to unite into one aggregation, collection, or mass (often followed by together):
We lumped the reds and blues together.
11.
to deal with, handle, consider, etc., in the lump or mass:
to lump unrelated matters indiscriminately.
12.
to make into a lump or lumps:
to lump dough before shaping it into loaves.
13.
to raise into or cover with lumps:
a plow lumping the moist earth.
verb (used without object)
14.
to form or raise a lump or lumps:
Stir the gravy so that it doesn't lump.
15.
to move heavily and awkwardly:
The big oaf lumped along beside me.
Idioms
16.
get / take one's lumps, to receive or endure hardship, punishment, criticism, etc.:
Without its star pitcher, the baseball team will get its lumps today.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English lumpe, lomp(e); cognate with early Dutch lompe piece, Danish lump(e) lump, dialectal Norwegian lump block
Related forms
lumpingly, adverb

lump2

[luhmp] /lʌmp/
verb (used with object), Informal.
1.
to put up with; resign oneself to; accept and endure:
If you don't like it, you can lump it.
Origin
1785-95; Americanism; perhaps identical with British dialect lump to look sullen, of expressive orig.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for lumps
  • Dozens of dinosaur species had bizarre structures on their heads, ranging from horns to crests to lumps.
  • Add the mayonnaise mixture to the crabmeat and mix, being careful not to break up the lumps of crabmeat.
  • Add salt and flour and mix thoroughly to eliminate lumps.
  • We walk to a shallow, muddy hole-more of a large puddle, with lumps of cow manure bobbing about-and remove our clothes.
  • The pellets are grey, matted lumps in the water and are easy to pull apart with toothpicks and tweezers.
  • When a comet gets close to the sun, its ices vaporize, releasing dust grains and sometimes small lumps of rock.
  • Salt also absorbs water in the surrounding air, forming large lumps.
  • When asked how the biscuits taste, he holds one of the grainy, chicken-nugget-sized lumps in his hand.
  • It also lumps together all kinds of disparate cases.
  • And in the bowl found sugar lumps unseen by my dull eye.
British Dictionary definitions for lumps

lump1

/lʌmp/
noun
1.
a small solid mass without definite shape
2.
(pathol) any small swelling or tumour
3.
a collection of things; aggregate
4.
(informal) an awkward, heavy, or stupid person
5.
(pl) (US, informal) punishment, defeat, or reverses: he took his lumps
6.
(Brit) the lump
  1. self-employed workers in the building trade considered collectively, esp with reference to tax and national insurance evasion
  2. (as modifier): lump labour
7.
(modifier) in the form of a lump or lumps: lump sugar
8.
a lump in one's throat, a tight dry feeling in one's throat, usually caused by great emotion
verb
9.
(transitive) often foll by together. to collect into a mass or group
10.
(intransitive) to grow into lumps or become lumpy
11.
(transitive) to consider as a single group, often without justification
12.
(transitive) to make or cause lumps in or on
13.
(intransitive) often foll by along. to move or proceed in a heavy manner
Word Origin
C13: probably related to early Dutch lompe piece, Scandinavian dialect lump block, Middle High German lumpe rag

lump2

/lʌmp/
verb
1.
(transitive) (informal) to tolerate or put up with; endure (in the phrase lump it)
Word Origin
C16: origin uncertain
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for lumps

lump

n.

early 14c., lumpe (1224 as surname), probably in Old English, perhaps from a Scandinavian source (cf. cognate Danish lumpe, 16c.), of unknown origin. Cf. also Middle High German lumpe, early modern Dutch lompe. Phrase lump in (one's) throat "feeling of tightness brought on by emotion" is from 1803. Lumps "hard knocks, a beating" is colloquial, from 1934. Lump sum, one covering a number of items, is from 1867.

v.

early 15c., "to curl up in a ball, to gather into a lump" (implied in lumped), from lump (n.). Meaning "to put together in one mass or group" is from 1620s. Related: Lumped; lumping.

"endure" (now usually in contrast to like), 1791, apparently an extended sense from an older meaning "to look sulky, dislike" (1570s), of unknown origin, perhaps a symbolic sound (cf. grump, harumph, etc.). Related: Lumped; lumping.

LUMPING. Great. A lumping pennyworth; a great qualtity for the money, a bargain. He has got a lumping pennyworth; frequently said of a man who marries a fat woman. ["Dictionary of Buckish Slang, University Wit, and Pickpocket Eloquence," London, 1811]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for lumps

lumps

noun

Severe treatment; punishment; a beating: Somebody was out to give him his lumps

Related Terms

get one's lumps, take one's lumps

[1935+; ultimately fr late 1700s lump, ''beat, thrash'']


lump

noun
  1. A packet of food: ''Lumps'' are possible at any time during the day (1912+ Hoboes)
  2. A dull, stupid person; clod, klutz: What an unspeakable lump I was (1597+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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Idioms and Phrases with lumps

lump

In addition to the idiom beginning with lump also see: like it or lump it
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Word Value for lumps

9
13
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