of or pertaining to Luther, adhering to his doctrines, or belonging to one of the Protestant churches that bear his name.
a follower of Luther or an adherent of his doctrines; a member of the Lutheran Church.

1515–25; Luther + -an

Lutheranism, Lutherism, noun
non-Lutheran, adjective, noun
pre-Lutheran, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Luther (ˈluːθə)
Martin. 1483--1546, German leader of the Protestant Reformation. As professor of biblical theology at Wittenberg University from 1511, he began preaching the crucial doctrine of justification by faith rather than by works, and in 1517 he nailed 95 theses to the church door at Wittenberg, attacking Tetzel's sale of indulgences. He was excommunicated and outlawed by the Diet of Worms (1521) as a result of his refusal to recant, but he was protected in Wartburg Castle by Frederick III of Saxony (1521--22). He translated the Bible into German (1521--34) and approved Melanchthon's Augsburg Confession (1530), defining the basic tenets of Lutheranism

Lutheran (ˈluːθərən)
1.  a follower of Martin Luther or a member of a Lutheran Church
2.  of or relating to Luther or his doctrines, the most important being justification by faith alone, consubstantiation, and the authority of the Bible
3.  of or denoting any Protestant Church that follows Luther's doctrines

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1521, from name of Ger. religious reformer Martin Luther (1483-1546); used by Catholics 16c. in reference to all Protestants, regardless of sect.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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