macaque

[muh-kak, -kahk]
noun
any monkey of the genus Macaca, chiefly of Asia, characterized by cheek pouches and, usually, a short tail: several species are threatened or endangered.

Origin:
1690–1700; < French < Portuguese macaco monkey. See macaco

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World English Dictionary
macaque (məˈkɑːk)
 
n
any of various Old World monkeys of the genus Macaca, inhabiting wooded or rocky regions of Asia and Africa. Typically the tail is short or absent and cheek pouches are present
 
[C17: from French, from Portuguese macaco, from Fiot (a W African language) makaku, from kaku monkey]

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

macaque
E. Indian monkey, 1757, from Fr., from Port. macaco "monkey," a Bantu word brought from Africa to Brazil (where it was applied 17c. to a type of monkey there). Introduced as a genus name 1840.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It turned out that policing is the keystone of macaque society.
Some monkeys that swim well, including certain macaque and baboon species, also
  catch fish with their hands.
The brain of the macaque monkey has a distinct area dedicated to recognizing
  faces, according to a new study.
Hill and colleagues also compared the new human-brain scans with brain scans of
  macaque monkeys.
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