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mace1

[meys] /meɪs/
noun
1.
a clublike armor-breaking weapon of war, often with a flanged or spiked metal head, used chiefly in the Middle Ages.
2.
a ceremonial staff carried before or by certain officials as a symbol of office.
4.
Billiards. a light stick with a flat head, formerly used at times instead of a cue.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English < Old French (compare French masse) large mallet < Vulgar Latin *mattea; akin to Latin matteola kind of mallet; compare Sanskrit matya harrow

mace2

[meys] /meɪs/
noun
1.
a spice ground from the layer between a nutmeg shell and its outer husk, resembling nutmeg in flavor.
Origin
1350-1400; Middle English, back formation from macis (taken as plural) < Middle French < Latin maccis a spice

Mace

[meys] /meɪs/
Trademark.
1.
a nonlethal spray containing purified tear gas and chemical solvents that temporarily incapacitate a person mainly by causing eye and skin irritations: used especially as a means of subduing rioters.
Also called Chemical Mace.

Mace

[meys] /meɪs/
verb (used with object), Maced, Macing.
1.
(sometimes lowercase) to attack with Mace spray.
Origin
see Mace
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for maces
  • The maces of cavalrymen were longer and better designed for blows from horseback.
  • University maces are employed in a manner similar to parliamentary maces.
British Dictionary definitions for maces

mace1

/meɪs/
noun
1.
a club, usually having a spiked metal head, used esp in the Middle Ages
2.
a ceremonial staff of office carried by certain officials
3.
4.
an early form of billiard cue
Word Origin
C13: from Old French, probably from Vulgar Latin mattea (unattested); apparently related to Latin mateola mallet

mace2

/meɪs/
noun
1.
a spice made from the dried aril round the nutmeg seed
Word Origin
C14: formed as a singular from Old French macis (wrongly assumed to be plural), from Latin macir an oriental spice

Mace

/meɪs/
noun
1.
trademark a liquid causing tears and nausea, used as a spray for riot control, etc
verb
2.
(transitive; sometimes not capital) to use Mace on
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for maces

mace

n.

"heavy metal weapon, often with a spiked head," late 13c., from Old French mace "a club, scepter" (Modern French masse), from Vulgar Latin *mattea (cf. Italian mazza, Spanish maza "mace"), from Latin mateola (in Late Latin also matteola) "a kind of mallet." The Latin word perhaps is cognate with Sanskrit matyam "harrow, club," Old Church Slavonic motyka "mattock," Old High German medela "plow" [Klein]. As a symbol of authority or office from mid-15c.

"spice made from dry outer husk of nutmeg," late 14c., from Old French macis (in English taken as a plural and stripped of its -s), of uncertain origin, sometimes said to be a scribal error for Latin macir, the name of a red spicy bark from India, but OED finds this etymology unlikely.

Mace

n.

chemical spray originally used in riot control, 1966, technically Chemical Mace, a proprietary name (General Ordnance Equipment Corp, Pittsburgh, Pa.), probably so called for its use as a weapon, in reference to mace (1). The verb is first attested 1968. Related: Maced; macing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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maces in Medicine

Mace or MACE (mās)

An alternate trademark used for Chemical Mace, an aerosol used to immobilize an attacker temporarily.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for maces

mace

spice consisting of the dried aril, or lacy covering, of the nutmeg fruit of Myristica fragrans, a tropical evergreen tree. Mace has a slightly warm taste and a fragrance similar to that of nutmeg. It is used to flavour bakery, meat, and fish dishes; to flavour sauces and vegetables; and in preserving and pickling

Learn more about mace with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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