|the capital of Spain, situated centrally in New Castile: the highest European capital, at an altitude of about 700 m (2300 ft); a Moorish fortress in the 10th century, captured by Castile in 1083 and made capital of Spain in 1561; university (1836). Pop: 3 092 759 (2003 est)|
Capital of Spain and largest city in the country, located in the center of Spain.
Note: Madrid was the scene of fighting between the Loyalists and rebel forces of Francisco Franco during the Spanish Civil War; the city was greatly damaged.
Note: Madrid is the home of an outstanding art museum, the Museo del Prado.