Madurai

Madura

[muh-door-uh for 1; maj-er-uh for 2]
noun
1.
Dutch Madoera. an island in Indonesia, off the NE coast of Java. 2112 sq. mi. (5470 sq. km).
2.
Also, Madurai [mad-yoo-rahy] . a city in S Tamil Nadu, in S India.
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Madura (məˈdʊərə)
 
n
an island in Indonesia, off the NE coast of Java: extensive forests and saline springs. Capital: Pamekasan. Area: 5472 sq km (2113 sq miles)

Madurai (ˈmædjʊˌraɪ)
 
n
Former name: Madura a city in S India, in S Tamil Nadu: centre of Dravidian culture for over 2000 years; cotton industry. Pop: 922 913 (2001)

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia

madurai

city, south-central Tamil Nadu state, southeastern India, bounded on the west by Kerala state. It is the second largest, and probably oldest, city in the state. Located on the Vaigai River and enclosed by the Anai, Naga, and Pasu (Elephant, Snake, and Cow) hills, the compact old city, site of the Pandya (4th-11th century AD) capital, centres on Minaksi-Sundaresvara Temple. The temple, Tirumala Nayak palace, Teppakulam tank (an earthen embankment reservoir), and a 1,000-pillared hall were rebuilt in the Vijayanagar period (16th-17th century) after the total destruction of the city in 1310. The city walls were removed by the British in 1837 to enable the city to expand, and administrative and residential quarters formed north of the river.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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