Mafra

Encyclopedia

mafra

town, west-central Portugal. It lies near the Atlantic Ocean, 18 miles (29 km) northwest of Lisbon. It is noted primarily for the National Palace (also containing a church and monastery), built (1717-35) by King John V in thanksgiving for the birth of a son and heir to the throne. The building, which measures 700 feet (213 m) from east to west and 800 feet (244 m) from north to south, contains more than 860 rooms and has a magnificent library. The church, which is sumptuously built of marble and richly adorned with statues, low reliefs, and other objects of art, contains sculptures by the 16th-century artist Machado de Castro. In each of the towers is a carillon of 57 bells. Mafra itself is a manufacturing and agricultural trade centre. Limestone, basalt, granite, marble, and alabaster are quarried in the area. Pop. (latest est.) 5,464.

Learn more about Mafra with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
Cite This Source
Explore Dictionary.com
Previous Definition: mafioso
Next Definition: mafted
Words Near: mafra
More from Thesaurus.com
Synonyms and Antonyms for mafra
More from Reference.com
Search for articles containing mafra
More from Dictionary.com Translator
Dictionary.com Word FAQs

Dictionary.com presents 366 FAQs, incorporating some of the frequently asked questions from the past with newer queries.

Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature