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maggid

[Ashkenazic Hebrew, English mah-gid; Sephardic Hebrew mah-geed] /Ashkenazic Hebrew, English ˈmɑ gɪd; Sephardic Hebrew mɑˈgid/
noun, plural maggidim
[Ashkenazic Hebrew mah-gee-dim; Sephardic Hebrew mah-gee-deem] /Ashkenazic Hebrew mɑˈgi dɪm; Sephardic Hebrew mɑ giˈdim/ (Show IPA),
maggids. Judaism.
1.
(especially in Poland and Russia) a wandering Jewish preacher whose sermons contained religious and moral instruction and words of comfort and hope.
Origin
1890-1895
1890-95; < Hebrew maggīdh literally, narrator, messenger
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Encyclopedia Article for maggidim

maggid

any of the many itinerant Jewish preachers who flourished especially in Poland and Russia during the 17th and 18th centuries. Because rabbis at that time preached only on the Sabbaths preceding Pesah (Passover) and Yom Kippur (Day of Atonement), maggidim were in great demand throughout the year to instruct, encourage, and sometimes admonish their congregation. Through their preaching, the maggidim were instrumental in spreading the 18th-century pietistic movement called Hasidism. Rabbi Dov Baer of Mezhirich, who succeeded Ba'al Shem Tov as leader of the Hasidic movement in the 18th century, is known as the Great Maggid.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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