mahatma

mahatma

[muh-haht-muh, -hat-]
noun (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
a Brahman sage.
2.
(especially in India) a person who is held in the highest esteem for wisdom and saintliness.
3.
(in Theosophy) a great sage who has renounced further spiritual development in order to aid those who are less advanced.

Origin:
1850–55; < Sanskrit mahātmā, nominative singular of mahātman high-souled, magnanimous, equivalent to mahā- great + ātman atman

mahatmaism, noun
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Gandhi

[gahn-dee, gan-]
noun
1.
Indira [in-deer-uh] , 1917–84, Indian political leader: prime minister 1966–77 and 1980–84 (daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru).
2.
Mohandas Karamchand [moh-huhn-dahs kuhr-uhm-chuhnd] , ("Mahatma") 1869–1948, Hindu religious leader, nationalist, and social reformer.
3.
Rajiv [rah-jeev] , 1944–91, Indian political leader: prime minister 1984–89 (son of Indira).
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
Gandhi (ˈɡændɪ)
 
n
1.  Indira (Priyadarshini) (ɪnˈdɪərə, ˈɪndərə), daughter of Jawaharlal Nehru. 1917--84, Indian stateswoman; prime minister of India (1966--77; 1980--84); assassinated
2.  Mohandas Karamchand (ˌməʊhənˈdʌs ˌkʌrəmˈtʃʌnd), known as Mahatma Gandhi. 1869--1948, Indian political and spiritual leader and social reformer. He played a major part in India's struggle for home rule and was frequently imprisoned by the British for organizing acts of civil disobedience. He advocated passive resistance and hunger strikes as means of achieving reform, campaigned for the untouchables, and attempted to unite Muslims and Hindus. He was assassinated by a Hindu extremist
3.  Rajiv (ræˈdʒiːv), son of Indira Gandhi. 1944--91, Indian statesman; prime minister of India (1984--89); assassinated

mahatma (məˈhɑːtmə, -ˈhæt-)
 
n
1.  Hinduism a Brahman sage
2.  theosophy an adept or sage
 
[C19: from Sanskrit mahātman, from mahā great + ātman soul]
 
ma'hatmaism
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mahatma
1884, lit. "great-souled," from Skt. mahatman, from maha "great" (see maharajah) + atman "breath, soul, principle of life." In esoteric Buddhism, "a person of supernatural powers." In common use, as a title, a mark of love and respect. Said to have been applied to Gandhi
(1869-1948) in 1915 by poet Rabrindranath Tagore.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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