mahatmaism

mahatma

[muh-haht-muh, -hat-]
noun (sometimes initial capital letter)
1.
a Brahman sage.
2.
(especially in India) a person who is held in the highest esteem for wisdom and saintliness.
3.
(in Theosophy) a great sage who has renounced further spiritual development in order to aid those who are less advanced.

Origin:
1850–55; < Sanskrit mahātmā, nominative singular of mahātman high-souled, magnanimous, equivalent to mahā- great + ātman atman

mahatmaism, noun
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World English Dictionary
mahatma (məˈhɑːtmə, -ˈhæt-)
 
n
1.  Hinduism a Brahman sage
2.  theosophy an adept or sage
 
[C19: from Sanskrit mahātman, from mahā great + ātman soul]
 
ma'hatmaism
 
n

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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mahatma
1884, lit. "great-souled," from Skt. mahatman, from maha "great" (see maharajah) + atman "breath, soul, principle of life." In esoteric Buddhism, "a person of supernatural powers." In common use, as a title, a mark of love and respect. Said to have been applied to Gandhi
(1869-1948) in 1915 by poet Rabrindranath Tagore.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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