mahdism

Mahdi

[mah-dee]
noun, plural Mahdis.
1.
the Muslim messiah, an expected spiritual and temporal ruler destined to establish a reign of righteousness throughout the world.
2.
any of various claimants to this role, especially Muhammad Ahmed, who established an independent government in the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan that lasted until 1898.

Origin:
1790–1800; < Arabic mahdīy he who is guided

Mahdism [mah-diz-uhm] , noun
Mahdist, noun, adjective
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World English Dictionary
Mahdi (ˈmɑːdɪ)
 
n
1.  the title assumed by Mohammed Ahmed. ?1843--85, Sudanese military leader, who led a revolt against Egypt (1881) and captured Khartoum (1885)
2.  Islam any of a number of Muslim messiahs expected to convert all mankind to Islam
 
[Arabic mahdīy one who is guided, from madā to guide aright]
 
'Mahdism
 
n
 
'Mahdist
 
n, —adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

mahdi
1792, from Arabic mahdiy, lit. "he who is guided aright," pp. of hada "to lead in the right way." Spiritual and temporal leader expected by some Muslims. Applied c.1880 to insurrectionary leaders in the Sudan who claimed to be him.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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