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maintain

[meyn-teyn] /meɪnˈteɪn/
verb (used with object)
1.
to keep in existence or continuance; preserve; retain:
to maintain good relations with neighboring countries.
2.
to keep in an appropriate condition, operation, or force; keep unimpaired:
to maintain order; to maintain public highways.
3.
to keep in a specified state, position, etc.:
to maintain a correct posture; to maintain good health.
4.
to affirm; assert; declare:
He maintained that the country was going downhill.
5.
to support in speech or argument, as a statement or proposition.
6.
to keep or hold against attack:
to maintain one's ground.
7.
to provide for the upkeep or support of; carry the expenses of:
to maintain a family.
8.
to sustain or support:
not enough water to maintain life.
Origin
1200-1250
1200-50; Middle English mainteinen < Old French maintenirMedieval Latin manūtenēre, Latin manū tenēre literally, to hold in hand, equivalent to manū, ablative of manus hand (see manual) + tenēre to hold (see tenet)
Related forms
maintainable, adjective
maintainability, noun
maintainer, noun
premaintain, verb (used with object)
self-maintained, adjective
self-maintaining, adjective
undermaintain, verb (used with object)
undermaintained, adjective
unmaintainable, adjective
unmaintained, adjective
well-maintained, adjective
Synonyms
1. continue. 1, 2. keep up. 4. asseverate. Maintain, assert, aver, allege, hold, state all mean to express an opinion, judgment, or position. Maintain carries the implications of both firmness and persistence in declaring or supporting a conviction: She maintained her client's innocence even in the face of damaging evidence. Assert suggests assurance, confidence, and sometimes aggressiveness in the effort to persuade others to agree with or accept one's position: He asserted again and again the government's right to control the waterway. Aver, like assert, implies confident declaration and sometimes suggests a firmly positive or peremptory tone; in legal use aver means “to allege as fact”: to aver that the evidence is incontrovertible. Allege indicates a statement without evidence to support it, and thus can imply doubt as to the validity or accuracy of an assertion: The official is alleged to have been unaware of the crime. Hold means simply to have or express a conviction or belief: We hold these truths to be self-evident; She held that her rights had been violated. State usually suggests a declaration that is forthright and unambiguous: He stated his reasons in clear, simple language. 5. uphold, defend, vindicate, justify. 7. See support.
Antonyms
1. discontinue. 5. contradict.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for maintained
  • The model shows that the academic integrity of college courses can be maintained in the high-school setting.
  • Critics have maintained that the experiments were cruel and unnecessary.
  • The only solution is to increase publishing, to insure a record of such work is created and maintained.
  • Not so: the conceit is maintained throughout, apart from a couple of dizzying interruptions.
  • Conventional superconductors work at subzero temperatures-too low to be maintained economically.
  • Other scientists, however, maintained the spacecraft was near the termination shock but had not yet crossed it.
  • Swamp coolers got their name because they add humidity and, if not properly maintained, a musty smell to the air.
  • They are all hallowed places, somber and impeccably maintained.
  • There's an airport and ferries to carry people and supplies, and there are plenty of well-maintained roads.
  • We not only desire peace with the world, but to see peace maintained throughout the world.
British Dictionary definitions for maintained

maintain

/meɪnˈteɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to continue or retain; keep in existence
2.
to keep in proper or good condition to maintain a building
3.
to support a style of living the money maintained us for a month
4.
(takes a clause as object) to state or assert he maintained that Talbot was wrong
5.
to defend against contradiction; uphold she maintained her innocence
6.
to defend against physical attack
Derived Forms
maintainable, adjective
maintainer, noun
Word Origin
C13: from Old French maintenir, ultimately from Latin manū tenēre to hold in the hand
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for maintained
maintain
mid-13c., "to practice habitually," from Anglo-Fr. meintenir (O.Fr. maintenir), from L. manu tenere "hold in the hand," from manu, abl. of manus "hand" (see manual) + tenere "to hold" (see tenet). Meaning "to carry on, keep up" is from mid-14c.; that of "to keep oneself, to support" is from late 14c. Sense of "to defend in speech" is from mid-14c. Related: Maintained; maintaining; maintains.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for maintained

maintain

verb

To stay under control; to keep one's composure: While he gives this silly speech, I need to maintain


The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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