malting

malt

[mawlt]
noun
1.
germinated grain, usually barley, used in brewing and distilling.
2.
any alcoholic beverage, as beer, ale, or malt liquor, fermented from malt.
3.
whisky, as Scotch, that is distilled entirely from malted barley.
4.
malted milk ( def 2 ).
verb (used with object)
5.
to convert (grain) into malt by soaking it in water and allowing it to germinate.
6.
to treat or mix with malt, malt extract, etc.
7.
to make (liquor) with malt.
verb (used without object)
8.
to become malt.
9.
to produce malt from grain.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English; Old English mealt; cognate with Old Norse malt, German Malz; akin to melt

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
malt (mɔːlt)
 
n
1.  cereal grain, such as barley, that is kiln-dried after it has germinated by soaking in water
2.  See malt liquor
3.  short for malt whisky
 
vb
4.  to make into or become malt
5.  to make (something, esp liquor) with malt
 
[Old English mealt; related to Dutch mout, Old Norse malt; see also melt]

malting (ˈmɔːltɪŋ)
 
n
Also called: malt house a building in which malt is made or stored

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

malt
O.E. malt (Anglian), mealt (W.Saxon), from P.Gmc. *maltaz (cf. O.N. malt, Ger. Malz "malt"), from same Gmc. root as O.E. meltan (see melt), probably via notion of "softening" the grain by steeping it in water before brewing, from PIE *meld- (cf. Skt. mrduh "soft, mild," Gk.
meldein "to melt, make liquid," L. mollis "soft"), from base *mel- "to grind" (cf. Gk. myle "mill," L. molere "to grind;" see mallet). Finnish mallas, O.C.S. mlato are considered to be borrowed from Germanic. Malt liquor (which is fermented, not brewed) first attested 1693. Malted "a drink with malted milk" is from 1945.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

MALT (môlt)
n.
Mucosal-associated with lymphoid tissue; rare type of lymphoma of the stomach that may be associated with infection by the bacteria Helicobacter pylori. Also called MALT lymphoma.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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