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town, Laconia nomos (department), southern Greece, on the southeastern coast of the Peloponnese. Monemvasia lies at the foot of a rock that stands just offshore and that is crowned by the ruins of a medieval fortress and a 14th-century Byzantine church. It is joined to the mainland by a causeway, from which it derives its modern name meaning "city of the single approach." The ruins of Epidaurus Limera are nearby.