man-drake

mandrake

[man-dreyk, -drik]
noun
1.
a narcotic, short-stemmed European plant, Mandragora officinarum, of the nightshade family, having a fleshy, often forked root somewhat resembling a human form.
2.
the May apple.

Origin:
1275–1325; Middle English, variant of mandrage (short for mandragora), taken by folk etymology as man1 + drake2

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World English Dictionary
mandrake or mandragora (ˈmændreɪk, mænˈdræɡərə)
 
n
1.  a Eurasian solanaceous plant, Mandragora officinarum, with purplish flowers and a forked root. It was formerly thought to have magic powers and a narcotic was prepared from its root
2.  another name for the May apple
 
[C14: probably via Middle Dutch from Latin mandragoras (whence Old English mandragora), from Greek. The form mandrake was probably adopted through folk etymology, because of the allegedly human appearance of the root and because drake (dragon) suggested magical powers]
 
mandragora or mandragora
 
n
 
[C14: probably via Middle Dutch from Latin mandragoras (whence Old English mandragora), from Greek. The form mandrake was probably adopted through folk etymology, because of the allegedly human appearance of the root and because drake (dragon) suggested magical powers]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

mandrake
c.1150, from M.L. mandragora, from L. mandragoras, from Gk. mandragoras, probably from a non-I.E. word. Folk etymology associated the second element with dragoun and substituted native drake in its place. The forked root is thought to resemble a human form and is said to shriek when pulled from the ground.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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