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mandibulofacial dysostosis

mandibulofacial dysostosis in Medicine

mandibulofacial dysostosis n.
A syndrome that includes various malformations of specialized structures in the head and neck, including notched eyelid fissures, hypoplasia of the mandible, enlarged mouth with high or cleft palate and incorrectly positioned teeth, and atypical hair growth. Also called Franceschetti's syndrome.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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Encyclopedia Article for mandibulofacial dysostosis

a rare, genetic disorder, inherited as an autosomal-dominant trait and characterized by some or all of the following: underdevelopment of the cheek and jaw bones, widely separated eyes, malformation of the lower eyelid and lack of eyelashes, malformation of the ear auricle, lack of an external ear canal with resultant conductive deafness, and other, less common abnormalities. Respiratory problems may be present in the newborn. Intelligence is normal. Treatment includes correction of the deafness by use of a hearing aid or by surgical construction of an ear canal and, sometimes, plastic surgery to enlarge the jaw.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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