[mang-grohv, man-]
any tropical tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, the species of which are mostly low trees growing in marshes or tidal shores, noted for their interlacing above-ground adventitious roots.
any of various similar plants.

1605–15; alteration (by folk etymology) of earlier mangrow < Portuguese mangueTaino Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mangrove (ˈmæŋɡrəʊv, ˈmæn-)
1.  a.  any tropical evergreen tree or shrub of the genus Rhizophora, having stiltlike intertwining aerial roots and growing below the highest tide levels in estuaries and along coasts, forming dense thickets: family Rhizophoraceae
 b.  (as modifier): mangrove swamp
2.  any of various similar trees or shrubs of the genus Avicennia: family Avicenniaceae
[C17 mangrow (changed through influence of grove), from Portuguese mangue, ultimately from Taino]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

1610s, from Sp. mangle, mangue (1530s), perhaps from Carib or Arawakan. Second syllable is from influence of grove. A Malay origin also has been proposed, but it is difficult to explain how it came to be used for an American plant.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Trees living in this habitat are called mangrove trees.
The studied jellies live in mangrove swamps and the studied eyes are always
  aimed at the tree canopy.
Even if its fighters scuttle to the mangrove swamps, they are likely to be
  picked off as they emerge.
Flooding rice patties with salt water and destruction of mangrove swamps are
  the obvious ones.
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