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Manichaeism

/ˈmænɪkiːˌɪzəm/
noun
1.
the system of religious doctrines, including elements of Gnosticism, Zoroastrianism, Christianity, Buddhism, etc, taught by the Persian prophet Mani about the 3rd century ad. It was based on a supposed primordial conflict between light and darkness or goodness and evil
2.
(mainly RC Church) any similar heretical philosophy involving a radical dualism
Derived Forms
Manichee, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Late Latin Manichaeus, from Late Greek Manikhaios of Mani
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for manichaeism

Manichaeism

n.

1550s, "the religion of the Manichees" (late 14c.) a Gnostic Christian sect named for its founder, Mani (Latin Manichæus), c.215-275, Syriac-speaking apostle from a Jesus cult in Mesopotamia in 240s, who taught a universal religion. Vegetarian and visionary, they saw "particles of light and goodness" trapped in evil matter and regarded Satan as co-eternal with God. The universe was a scene of struggle between good and evil. The sect was characterized by dualism and a double-standard of perfectionist "elects" and a larger group of fellow travelers who would require several reincarnations before their particles of light would be liberated.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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