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manifold

[man-uh-fohld] /ˈmæn əˌfoʊld/
adjective
1.
of many kinds; numerous and varied:
manifold duties.
2.
having numerous different parts, elements, features, forms, etc.:
a manifold program for social reform.
3.
using, functioning with, or operating several similar or identical devices at the same time.
4.
(of paper business forms) made up of a number of sheets interleaved with carbon paper.
5.
being such or so designated for many reasons:
a manifold enemy.
noun
6.
something having many different parts or features.
7.
a copy or facsimile, as of something written, such as is made by manifolding.
8.
any thin, inexpensive paper for making carbon copies on a typewriter.
9.
Machinery. a chamber having several outlets through which a liquid or gas is distributed or gathered.
10.
Philosophy. (in Kantian epistemology) the totality of discrete items of experience as presented to the mind; the constituents of a sensory experience.
11.
Mathematics. a topological space that is connected and locally Euclidean.
verb (used with object)
12.
to make copies of, as with carbon paper.
Origin
1000
before 1000; Middle English; Old English manigf(e)ald (adj.). See many, -fold
Related forms
manifoldly, adverb
manifoldness, noun
Synonyms
1. various, multitudinous. See many. 2. varied, divers, multifarious.
Antonyms
1. simple, single.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for manifold
  • Stock and filed manifold compared to show size increase.
  • The problem is various and manifold.
  • This fire had the appearance of being immediately derived from heaven, and manifold were the virtues ascribed to it.
  • Alexander discovered that the homology groups of the covering manifolds are in general different for different knots.
  • The risks were manifold.
  • The car used twin carburetors atop a special aluminum manifold.
  • Not even in the four-dimensional manifold that is Pittsburgh street topology.
  • First, we'll be able to make targeted, strategic investments that will pay manifold dividends.
  • The reaction was intense and manifold.
  • The block and cylinder heads are aluminum alloy and the intake manifold and camshaft covers are lightweight plastic.
British Dictionary definitions for manifold

manifold

/ˈmænɪˌfəʊld/
adjective (formal)
1.
of several different kinds; multiple manifold reasons
2.
having many different forms, features, or elements manifold breeds of dog
noun
3.
something having many varied parts, forms, or features
4.
a copy of a page, book, etc
5.
a chamber or pipe with a number of inlets or outlets used to collect or distribute a fluid. In an internal-combustion engine the inlet manifold carries the vaporized fuel from the carburettor to the inlet ports and the exhaust manifold carries the exhaust gases away
6.
(maths)
  1. a collection of objects or a set
  2. a topological space having specific properties
7.
(in the philosophy of Kant) the totality of the separate elements of sensation which are then organized by the active mind and conceptualized as a perception of an external object
verb
8.
(transitive) to duplicate (a page, book, etc)
9.
to make manifold; multiply
Derived Forms
manifolder, noun
manifoldly, adverb
manifoldness, noun
Word Origin
Old English manigfeald. See many, -fold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for manifold
manifold
O.E. monigfald (Anglian), manigfeald (W.Saxon), "varied in appearance," from manig "many" + -feald "fold." A common Gmc. compound (cf. O.Fris. manichfald, M.Du. menichvout, Swed. mångfalt, Goth. managfalþs), perhaps a loan-translation of L. multiplex (see multiply). Retains the original pronunciation of many. The noun in the mechanical sense of "pipe or chamber with several outlets" is from 1884; originally as manifold pipe (1857), in ref. to a type of musical instrument mentioned in the O.T.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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manifold in Science
manifold
  (mān'ə-fōld')   
A topological space or surface.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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