mannitol

[man-i-tawl, -tol]
noun
1.
Chemistry. a white, crystalline, sweetish, water-soluble, carbohydrate alcohol, C 6 H 8 (OH) 6 , occurring in three optically different forms, the common one being found in the manna of the ash Fraxinus ornus and in other plants: used chiefly in the manufacture of resins, electrolytic condensers for radios, plasticizers, and mannitol hexanitrate, and as a pill excipient.
2.
Pharmacology. the substance used as an osmotic diuretic to reduce intraocular and intracranial pressures.

Origin:
1875–80; mannite + -ol1

Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
Cite This Source Link To mannitol
Collins
World English Dictionary
mannitol or mannite (ˈmænɪˌtɒl, ˈmænaɪt)
 
n
a white crystalline water-soluble sweet-tasting alcohol, found in plants and used in diet sweets and as a dietary supplement (E421). Formula: C6H14O6
 
[from mannose + -ite² + -ol1]
 
mannite or mannite
 
n
 
[from mannose + -ite² + -ol1]
 
mannitic or mannite
 
adj

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

mannitol man·ni·tol (mān'ĭ-tôl', -tōl')
n.
A white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet alcohol, used as a dietary supplement and dietetic sweetener and in medical tests of renal function.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Cite This Source
American Heritage
Science Dictionary
mannitol   (mān'ĭ-tôl', -tōl')  Pronunciation Key 
A white, crystalline, water-soluble, slightly sweet alcohol that is used as a dietary supplement and dietetic sweetener and in medical tests of kidney function. Mannitol occurs naturally as an important food storage and transportation molecule in brown algae like kelp. Chemical formula: C6H14O6.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
Cite This Source
Example sentences
Medications such as mannitol may be given during a stroke to reduce pressure or the risk for it.
Copyright © 2014 Dictionary.com, LLC. All rights reserved.
  • Please Login or Sign Up to use the Recent Searches feature