city in the Inner Mongolian Autonomous Region, China. It is situated on the border opposite the Russian town of Zabaykalsk and lies 100 miles (160 km) west of Hailar and 20 miles (32 km) northwest of Lake Hulun. Manzhouli was long a small Mongolian settlement in the Hulun Buir League. It developed after 1900, when it became the western terminus of the Russian-built Chinese Eastern Railway and a junction with Russia's Siberian railway system. It rapidly grew as a customs station and as a market and communication centre
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