|1.||a. a hard crystalline metamorphic rock resulting from the recrystallization of a limestone: takes a high polish and is used for building and sculpture|
|b. (as modifier): a marble bust Related: marmoreal|
|2.||a block or work of art of marble|
|3.||a small round glass or stone ball used in playing marbles|
|4.||informal (Austral), (NZ) make one's marble good to succeed or do the right thing|
|5.||informal (Austral) pass in one's marble to die|
|6.||(tr) to mottle with variegated streaks in imitation of marble|
|7.||cold, hard, or unresponsive|
|8.||white like some kinds of marble|
|[C12: via Old French from Latin marmor, from Greek marmaros, related to Greek marmairein to gleam]|
|marble (mär'bəl) Pronunciation Key
A metamorphic rock consisting primarily of calcite and dolomite. Marble is formed by the metamorphism of limestone. Although it is usually white to gray in color, it often has irregularly colored marks due to the presence of impurities such as silica and clay. Marble is used especially in sculpture and as a building material.
as a mineral, consists of carbonate of lime, its texture varying from the highly crystalline to the compact. In Esther 1:6 there are four Hebrew words which are rendered marble:, (1.) Shesh, "pillars of marble." But this word probably designates dark-blue limestone rather than marble. (2.) Dar, some regard as Parian marble. It is here rendered "white marble." But nothing is certainly known of it. (3.) Bahat, "red marble," probably the verd-antique or half-porphyry of Egypt. (4.) Sohareth, "black marble," probably some spotted variety of marble. "The marble pillars and tesserae of various colours of the palace at Susa came doubtless from Persia itself, where marble of various colours is found, especially in the province of Hamadan Susiana." The marble of Solomon's architectural works may have been limestone from near Jerusalem, or from Lebanon, or possibly white marble from Arabia. Herod employed Parian marble in the temple, and marble columns still exist in great abundance at Jerusalem.