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Maradi

town, south-central Niger, western Africa. The town is located on the banks of the Maradi, a seasonal stream, in a region consisting largely of a flat sandy plain (1,000 to 1,650 feet [300 to 500 metres] in elevation) with isolated sandstone bluffs. Maradi was destroyed by floods in 1945 and subsequently was rebuilt on higher ground. It has peanut- (groundnut-) and cotton-processing industries. Leather tanning is also important-the Maradi School of Leather and Hides gives training in methods of skin dressing. The government-sponsored Maradi Training Centre supplies fertilizers and seed and imparts training in methods of agriculture. North of Maradi annual rainfall is generally less than 12 inches (300 mm), and thus the surrounding area marks the extreme northern limit of nonirrigated cultivation in Niger; peanuts, cassava, and cotton are grown in the relatively wet south, while less-important millet, sorghum, and sheep- and goat-raising are pursued in the drier north. The Maradi, Kaba, and Vallee de Tarka are the major seasonal streams (goulbins), flowing in a southwesterly direction, and aid cultivation in the area. The region is chiefly inhabited by the Hausa, sedentary farmers who are also skillful businessmen and traders. Maradi is a major junction on the all-weather trans-Niger (Niamey to Zinder) road opened in 1980. Pop. (2001) 148,017.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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