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marasmus

[muh-raz-muh s] /məˈræz məs/
noun, Pathology
1.
malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and characterized by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development, and irritability.
Origin
1650-1660
1650-60; < Neo-Latin < Greek marasmós a wasting away, akin to maraínein to weaken, waste away
Related forms
marasmic, adjective
marasmoid, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for marasmic

marasmus

/məˈræzməs/
noun
1.
(pathol) general emaciation and wasting, esp of infants, thought to be associated with severe malnutrition or impaired utilization of nutrients
Derived Forms
marasmic, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from New Latin, from Greek marasmos, from marainein to waste
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marasmic
marasmus
1656, Mod.L., "wasting away of the body," from Gk. marasmos "a wasting away, withering, decay," from marainein "to quench, weaken, wither," from PIE base *mer- "to rub away, harm" (cf. Skt. mrnati "crushes, bruises").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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marasmic in Medicine

marasmus ma·ras·mus (mə-rāz'məs)
n.
Chronic wasting of body tissues, especially in young children, commonly due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories. Also called athrepsia.


ma·ras'mic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Encyclopedia Article for marasmic

marasmus

a form of protein-energy malnutrition occurring chiefly among very young children in developing countries, particularly under famine conditions, in which a mother's milk supply is greatly reduced. Marasmus results from the inadequate intake of both protein and calories; persons with a similar type of protein-energy malnutrition, kwashiorkor, do not obtain enough protein but still consume a moderate number of calories. Marasmus is characterized by growth retardation (in weight more than in height) and progressive wasting of subcutaneous fat and muscle. Other symptoms may include diarrhea; dehydration; behavioral changes; dry, loose skin; and dry, brittle hair. Marasmus can be treated with a high-calorie, protein-rich diet. Severe, prolonged marasmus may result in permanent mental retardation and impaired growth.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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