noun Pathology.
malnutrition occurring in infants and young children, caused by insufficient intake of calories or protein and characterized by thinness, dry skin, poor muscle development, and irritability.

1650–60; < Neo-Latin < Greek marasmós a wasting away, akin to maraínein to weaken, waste away

marasmic, adjective
marasmoid, adjective Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
marasmus (məˈræzməs)
pathol general emaciation and wasting, esp of infants, thought to be associated with severe malnutrition or impaired utilization of nutrients
[C17: from New Latin, from Greek marasmos, from marainein to waste]

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Word Origin & History

1656, Mod.L., "wasting away of the body," from Gk. marasmos "a wasting away, withering, decay," from marainein "to quench, weaken, wither," from PIE base *mer- "to rub away, harm" (cf. Skt. mrnati "crushes, bruises").
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

marasmus ma·ras·mus (mə-rāz'məs)
Chronic wasting of body tissues, especially in young children, commonly due to prolonged dietary deficiency of protein and calories. Also called athrepsia.

ma·ras'mic adj.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
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