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margin

[mahr-jin] /ˈmɑr dʒɪn/
noun
1.
the space around the printed or written matter on a page.
2.
an amount allowed or available beyond what is actually necessary:
to allow a margin for error.
3.
a limit in condition, capacity, etc., beyond or below which something ceases to exist, be desirable, or be possible:
the margin of endurance; the margin of sanity.
4.
a border or edge.
5.
Philately. selvage (def 3).
6.
Finance.
  1. security, as a percentage in money, deposited with a broker by a client as a provision against loss on transactions.
  2. the amount representing the customer's investment or equity in such an account.
7.
the difference between the amount of a loan and the market value of the collateral pledged as security for it.
8.
Commerce. the difference between the cost and the selling price.
9.
an amount or degree of difference:
The measure passed by a margin of just three votes.
10.
Economics. the point at which the return from economic activity barely covers the cost of production, and below which production is unprofitable.
11.
Entomology. the border of an insect's wing.
verb (used with object)
12.
to provide with a margin or border.
13.
to furnish with marginal notes, as a document.
14.
to enter in the margin, as of a book.
15.
Finance. to deposit a margin upon.
16.
Stock Exchange. to purchase (securities) on margin:
That stock was heavily margined during the last month.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English < Latin margin- (stem of margō) border; akin to march2
Synonyms
3. confine, bound. 4. rim, verge, brink. See edge.
Antonyms
4. center.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for margins
  • The adults feed on leaves and leave semi-circular notches on the margins.
  • The trouble is, our friends keep having afterthoughts, and they write all over the margins.
  • If the maps are too small to write in, students may write in the margins or on another piece of paper.
  • Most deep-sea hydrates are likely to be found near the margins of continents, he added.
  • Companies' margins plummeted, and many didn't make it.
  • Indigenous subjects and themes are often pushed to the margins or end up serving as a backdrop for non-native storylines.
  • Eradication efforts have forced poppy farmers into the margins of the countryside.
  • Some manuscripts have yellowing, torn pages with notes scrawled around the margins.
  • But manufacturer's margins are also falling, so it is not clear how much longer these price trends can continue.
  • Thus, seashells grow from the bottom up, or by adding material at the margins.
British Dictionary definitions for margins

margin

/ˈmɑːdʒɪn/
noun
1.
an edge or rim, and the area immediately adjacent to it; border
2.
the blank space surrounding the text on a page
3.
a vertical line on a page, esp one on the left-hand side, delineating this space
4.
an additional amount or one beyond the minimum necessary: a margin of error
5.
(mainly Austral) a payment made in addition to a basic wage, esp for special skill or responsibility
6.
a bound or limit
7.
the amount by which one thing differs from another: a large margin separated the parties
8.
(commerce) the profit on a transaction
9.
(economics) the minimum return below which an enterprise becomes unprofitable
10.
(finance)
  1. collateral deposited by a client with a broker as security
  2. the excess of the value of a loan's collateral over the value of the loan
verb (transitive)
11.
to provide with a margin; border
12.
(finance) to deposit a margin upon
Word Origin
C14: from Latin margō border; related to march², mark1
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for margins

margin

n.

mid-14c., "edge of a sea or lake;" late 14c., "space between a block of text and the edge of a page," from Latin marginem (nominative margo) "edge, brink, border, margin," from PIE *merg- "edge, border, boundary" (see mark (n.1)). General sense of "boundary space; rim or edge of anything" is from late 14c. Meaning "comfort allowance, cushion" is from 1851; margin of safety first recorded 1888. Stock market sense of "sum deposited with a broker to cover risk of loss" is from 1848. Related: Margins.

v.

c.1600, "to furnish with marginal notes," from margin (n.). From 1715 as "to furnish with a margin."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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margins in Medicine

margin mar·gin (mär'jĭn)
n.

  1. A border or edge, as of an organ.

  2. A limit in a condition or process, beyond or below which something is no longer possible or acceptable.

  3. An amount that is allowed but that is beyond what is needed.

  4. A measure, quantity, or degree of difference.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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