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marigold

[mar-i-gohld] /ˈmær ɪˌgoʊld/
noun
1.
any of several chiefly golden-flowered composite plants, especially of the genus Tagetes, as T. erecta, having strong-scented foliage and yielding an oil that repels root parasites.
2.
any of several unrelated plants, especially of the genus Calendula, as C. officinalis, the pot marigold.
Origin
1300-1350
1300-50; Middle English; see Mary (the Virgin), gold
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for marigolds

marigold

/ˈmærɪˌɡəʊld/
noun
1.
any of various tropical American plants of the genus Tagetes, esp T. erecta (African marigold) and T. patula (French marigold), cultivated for their yellow or orange flower heads and strongly scented foliage: family Asteraceae (composites)
2.
any of various similar or related plants, such as the marsh marigold, pot marigold, bur marigold, and fig marigold
Word Origin
C14: from Mary (the Virgin) + gold
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marigolds

marigold

n.

late 14c., marygolde, from Mary (probably a reference to the Virgin) + gold, for color. The Old English name for the flower was simply golde.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Word Value for marigolds

13
16
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