a person who directs or assists in the navigation of a ship; sailor.
(initial capital letter) Aerospace. one of a series of U.S. space probes that obtained scientific information while flying by or orbiting around the planets Mars, Mercury, and Venus.

1250–1300; Middle English < Anglo-French; Old French marinier. See marine, -er2

1. seafarer. See sailor. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
mariner (ˈmærɪnə)
a formal or literary word for seaman
[C13: from Anglo-French, ultimately from Latin marīnusmarine]

Mariner (ˈmærɪnə)
any of a series of US space probes launched between 1962 and 1971 that sent back photographs and information concerning the surface of Mars and Venus and also studied interplanetary matter

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., from Anglo-Fr. mariner, O.Fr. marinier, from M.L. marinarius, from L. marinus (see marine). Earlier and for long more common than sailor.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Mariners have traditionally interpreted it as a good omen.
Horseshoe crabs were misnamed centuries ago, when mariners thought the odd
  creatures' sloped shells resembled horse's feet.
Ancient mariners used sails to capture the wind and explore the world.
Possibly the inspiration for mariners' tales of mermaids, dugongs are closely
  related to elephants.
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