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marl1

[mahrl] /mɑrl/
noun
1.
Geology. a friable earthy deposit consisting of clay and calcium carbonate, used especially as a fertilizer for soils deficient in lime.
2.
Archaic. earth.
verb (used with object)
3.
to fertilize with marl.
Origin
1325-1375
1325-75; Middle English marle < Middle Dutch < Old French < Medieval Latin margila, diminutive of Latin marga, said to be < Gaulish
Related forms
marlacious
[mahr-ley-shuh s] /mɑrˈleɪ ʃəs/ (Show IPA),
marly, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for marly

marl1

/mɑːl/
noun
1.
a fine-grained sedimentary rock consisting of clay minerals, calcite or aragonite, and silt: used as a fertilizer
verb
2.
(transitive) to fertilize (land) with marl
Derived Forms
marlacious (mɑːˈleɪʃəs), marly, adjective
Word Origin
C14: via Old French, from Late Latin margila, diminutive of Latin marga

marl2

/mɑːl/
verb
1.
(nautical) to seize (a rope) with marline, using a hitch at each turn
Word Origin
C15 marlyn to bind; related to Dutch marlen to tie, Old English mārels cable
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for marly

marl

n.

"clayey soil used for fertilizer," late 14c., from Old French marle (Modern French marne), from Late Latin marglia, diminutive of Latin marga "marl," which is said by Pliny to be a Gaulish word, but modern Celtic cognates are considered to be borrowed from English or French. As a verb by late 14c. Medieval Latin margila is the source of Dutch mergel, German Mergel.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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marly in Science
marl
  (märl)   
A crumbly mixture of clays, calcium and magnesium carbonates, and remnants of shells that forms in both freshwater and marine environments.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for marly

Marl

city, North Rhine-Westphalia Land (state), western Germany. It is situated in the Ruhr industrial district, just northwest of Recklinghausen. First mentioned about 800 as a relatively large settlement, the Marl district was sold to the archbishops of Cologne about 1000 and thereafter was part of the "Vest Recklinghausen" of the prince electors. After 1802 it passed to the dukes of Arenberg, who held it as a fief of Prussia from 1815. It grew with the development of coal and iron ore mining in the late 19th century, and the town was chartered in 1936. Chemical factories and heavy industry traditionally supplemented coal mining, but these declined in the late 20th century. Pop. (2003 est.) 91,748.

Learn more about Marl with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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