any bushy-tailed, stocky rodent of the genus Marmota, as the woodchuck.
any of certain related animals, as the prairie dogs.

1600–10; < French marmotte, Old French, apparently noun derivative of marmotter to mutter, murmur (referring to the whistling noises made by such animals), equivalent to marm- imitative base denoting a variety of indistinct, continuous sounds (cf. murmur) + -ot(t)er suffix of expressive verbs (though v. is attested only in modern F) Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
marmot (ˈmɑːmət)
1.  any burrowing sciurine rodent of the genus Marmota, of Europe, Asia, and North America. They are heavily built, having short legs, a short furry tail, and coarse fur
2.  prairie marmot another name for prairie dog
[C17: from French marmotte, perhaps ultimately from Latin mūr- (stem ofmūs) mouse + montis of the mountain]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

Alpine rodent, c.1600, from Fr. marmotte, from Romansch (Swiss) murmont (assimilated to O.Fr. marmot "monkey"), from L. murem montis "mountain mouse."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Also known as woodchucks, groundhogs are rodents of the marmot genus.
The largest and stockiest of local squirrels is the yellow-bellied marmot.
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