Marsala

Marsala

[mahr-sah-luh; Italian mahr-sah-lah]
noun
1.
a seaport in W Sicily.
2.
a sweet, dark, fortified wine made near Marsala, or a similar wine made elsewhere.
adjective
3.
made or flavored with this wine: veal Marsala.
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Collins
World English Dictionary
Marsala (mɑːˈsɑːlə)
 
n
1.  a port in W Sicily: landing place of Garibaldi at the start of his Sicilian campaign (1860). Pop: 77 784 (2001)
2.  (sometimes not capital) a dark sweet dessert wine made in Sicily

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

Marsala
1806, kind of wine, named for seaport town on the west coast of Sicily, which is said to be from Arabic Mirsa-llahi, lit. "the Port of God."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

marsala

town, western Sicily, Italy. It is situated on the Boeo Cape, also called Lilibeo, south of Trapani. It originated as Lilybaeum, which was founded by the Carthaginians in 397-396 BC after the destruction of the offshore island of Motya (modern San Pantaleo) by Dionysius I, tyrant of Syracuse. Serving as the Carthaginians' principal stronghold in Sicily, it successfully resisted sieges by Pyrrhus, king of Epirus, and by the Romans but surrendered to the latter in 241 BC at the end of the First Punic War. Its present name dates from its occupation by the Saracens, who regarded the town's harbour so highly that they called it Marsa 'Ali ("Harbour of 'Ali"), or Mars el-Allah ("Harbour of Allah"). The town declined in the 16th century after Emperor Charles V destroyed its old harbour to prevent its occupation by pirates. On May 11, 1860, the town was the site of the landing of Giuseppe Garibaldi and 1,000 of his "Redshirts" in their campaign to conquer the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies. Roman baths in the vicinity have been excavated. The town's Baroque cathedral, dedicated to St. Thomas Becket, contains fine Flemish tapestries.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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